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MODBUS TCP – How to configure a communication via MODBUS TCP

MODBUS TCP driver

First, in the SCADA software, you need to select the cells, in the “Driver / PLC” column, of the tags that will communicate with the equipment, in the MODBUS TCP protocol SCADA system.

After that, the “Driver” window will open .

Select the “MODBUS TCP” driver.

To configure it, click on “Config” in the Driver window, and this procedure will open the “Communication settings” window, where you can configure the IP and TCP port. MODBUS TCP, the port is usually 502.

In the Param2 column, place the node (address) from 1 to 255 of the equipment. In the case of MODBUS TCP it is usually 1.

In the Param1 column , enter the addresses of the PLC variables.

Param1 format :

Example: 400000

MODBUS has 4 types of addresses with the following formats

4nnnnn

0nnnnn

3nnnnn

1nnnnn

where nnnnn is the address number, example 401008

The first digit is the type of the address.

4 – Holding Register – analog values ​​in WORD (2 bytes) values ​​ranging from -32768 to 32767 with the possibility of writing

Example: 401008

0 – Coil – digital values ​​0 or 1 with writing possibility

Example: 000004

3 – Input Register – analog values ​​in WORD (2 bytes) values ​​range from -32768 to 32767 read-only

Example: 300012

1 – Discrete input – digital values ​​0 or 1 read-only

Example: 100003

 

If the address is in hexadecimal, use 0x in front plus four hex digits, example: 40x000E

 

Formats for analog numbers. A letter is used before the address.

Examples:

W400000 – WORD 2 bytes without sign, 0 to 65535

L400000 or I400000 – LONG 4 bytes with sign -2147483648 .. 2147483647

D400000 or J400000 – DOUBLE WORD 4 bytes with no sign 0 .. 4294967295

F400000 or S400000 or Y400000 – FLOAT 4 bytes

Analog tags can be associated, for example, with the displaytext object for reading or LEditar for reading and writing. And in the case of the digital ones, they can be associated with the led object for reading or a key for reading and writing. Double click on the object and select the tag.

 

Communication errors:

 

1 – Activate the communication LOG and check if the equipment is responding:

 

3 – Sometimes the number of values ​​per block exceeds what the PLC allows, causing an error in communication. To guarantee click on the Driver – Config – and select 1 value per telegram:

 

4 – Check the communication parameters are correct.

5 – Check if the equipment’s node address is correct in Param2.

 

Formulas for converting values:

 

Click the button in the Formula column and enter the conversion factors.

 

If the analog number is a set of bits, click on the Formula button and select the Bit on the Bit (digital) tab.

 

 

Group IP:

 

To change the IP of a complete group, select the group, click on the Driver button or on the Driver / PLC column title:

 

 

If you want to change the driver for all groups that have the same communication parameters, use the left column: